* Discussion of the basic properties of scheduling models * Computational as well as theoretical exercises at the end of each chapter * Thorough examination of numerous applications * Investigation of the latest developments in the field * Discussion of future research developments * CD containing software included with book * Covers deterministic models as well as stochastic models * Covers theoretical models as well as practical applications * A solutions manual is available for instructors This book on scheduling covers theoretical models as well as scheduling problems in the real world. Author Michael Pinedo also includes a CD that contains slide-shows from industry and movies dealing with implementations of scheduling systems.
Operations research (OR) is a discipline that includes a range of techniques aimed at improving decision-making processes in many areas. Combining knowledge from applied mathematics, computer science, and industrial engineering, OR methods such as computer simulation  and mathematical programming  have been widely used to propose solutions for complex real-world problems, including the health care field [11,12]. Recent studies have shown that there is very little scientific reporting on implementation of OR-based algorithms in clinical practice [13,14]. Moreover, several OR-based models have been developed to solve RT treatment scheduling problems, as shown by a literature review by Vieira et al. . However, their review also revealed that none of the 18 reviewed papers reported a (pre-)implementation of the model, suggesting that implementation rates of OR approaches in RT are rather low. The inherent complex nature of the optimization problems, the impact on organizational changes, the involvement of several specialized personnel (such as operations research specialists, IT, managers and clinicians) and the need for developing a stable, user-friendly and updated decision support system contribute to the challenging nature of the implementation process. A scoping review found that poor availability of representative data of sufficient quality, and a lack of collaboration between those who develop OR models and relevant internal stakeholders were found to be common challenges for effective OR modelling in global health .
While healthcare institutions have to strive for efficiency and stakeholders demand excellence in the delivery of care, we conclude that operations research tools can certainly be considered for implementation as they have demonstrated to be able to contribute to improved performance of treatment facilities. We achieved this by supporting planners with (theoretical) evidence-based tools and took them along in a stepwise and interactive implementation process, overcoming the use of traditional planning methods that provide sub-optimal solutions for both patients and resources . By achieving a schedule that has been verified by the actual planners until it was considered ready for implementation, we take a significant step in the implementation of OR models in clinical practice compared to the current literature . The next steps would be to have the OR model running on a weekly basis in each clinic for a certain period of time and perform a pre-post performance evaluation to assess the accuracy of our results. However, the manual export and import of data and output solutions to and from the patient scheduling systems, or the development of a user-friendly, bug-free computer application that can read and write the inputs and outputs of the OR model in an automated way are thorough processes that could not be performed within the research project timeline. Nevertheless, in our experience we found that a gradual development/adjustment of the OR models, in small steps, is recommended for a smooth translation of those models into the clinic. Moreover, the engagement of all stakeholders from the very beginning of the study has allowed to create a collaborative environment based on constant communication and mutual confidence that were crucial for the realization of the implementation steps. Bringing the OR specialists, planners, managers and clinicians together as part of a project team with regular meetings, where model adaptations and new results have been made easy to visualize and interpret, has helped bridge the gap between the different professionals involved.
The book is a comprehensive and theoretically sound treatment of parallel anddistributed numerical methods. It focuses on algorithms thatare naturally suited for massive parallelization, and it exploresthe fundamental convergence, rate of convergence, communication,and synchronization issues associated with such algorithms. Reviews :\"This major contribution to the literature belongs on the bookshelf ofevery scientist with an interest in computational science, directly beside Knuth's three volumes and Numerical Recipes...\" Anna Nagurney, University of Massachusetts, in the InternationalJournal of Supercomputer Applications\"This major work of exceptional scholarship summarizes more thanthree decades of research into general-purposealgorithms for solving systems of equationsand optimization problems.\"W. F. Smyth, in Computing Reviews\"This book marks an important landmark in the theory of distributedsystems and I highly recommend it to students and practicing engineersin the fields of operations research and computer science, as wellas to mathematicians interested in numerical methods.\"Lorne G. Mason, in IEEE Communications Magazine Parallel and Distributed Computation: Numerical Methods Table of Contents:Introduction
Vigilis monitors the movement of vessels around identified risk areas and regions. By integrating multiple sensor systems and complex learning algorithms, Vigilis improves security and safety, reduces the false detection rates, enhances the situational awareness and confidence of the users.
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The course covers the fundamentals of algorithm design and the theory of computing. Much of the work of acomputer scientist is problem solving using computational artifacts (such as modern computers), and problemsolving involves describing step-by-step procedures that can be followed by machines. These are calledalgorithms. Many fundamental techniques for algorithm design, as well as specific algorithms themselves,recur throughout all areas of computer science, and computer scientists must be able to apply design andanalysis techniques to devise efficient algorithms and compare them. The flipside of algorithm design is knowing the limits of algorithm design: when are problems so intractable that they either cannot be solved at all, or can --- to the current state of scientific knowledge ---only be solved by very inefficient algorithms Such knowledge is necessary to avoid searching for solutionsto problems that simply cannot be solved. The course CSCI 270 provides an introduction to both of these complementary pieces: it covers greedy algorithms, Divide&Conquer algorithms, Dynamic Programming and their corresponding analysis techniques.It also contains an introduction to the theory of NP-completeness and computability theory. At the discretionof the instructor, it will contain a discussion of a subset of the following topics: algorithms for flows and cuts, linear programming, the role of randomization in computing, approximationalgorithms, number-theory based cryptographic algorithms, and non-standard models of computing.7.2 Non-DiscriminationDiscrimination, sexual assault, and harassment are not tolerated by the university. You are encouraged to report any incidents to the Office of Equity and Diversity or to the Department of Public Safety -public-safety/online-forms/contact-us. This is important for the safety whole USC community. Another member of the university community - such as a friend, classmate, advisor, or faculty member - can help initiate the report, or can initiate the report on behalf of another person. The Center for Women and Men -affairs/cwm/ provides 24/7 confidential support, and the sexual assault resource center webpage firstname.lastname@example.org describes reporting options and other resources.
Production scheduling tools greatly outperform older manual scheduling methods. These provide the production scheduler with powerful graphical interfaces which can be used to visually optimize real-time work loads in various stages of production, and pattern recognition allows the software to automatically create scheduling opportunities which might not be apparent without this view into the data. For example, an airline might wish to minimize the number of airport gates required for its aircraft, in order to reduce costs, and scheduling software can allow the planners to see how this can be done, by analysing time tables, aircraft usage, or the flow of passengers.
Production scheduling can take a significant amount of computing power if there are a large number of tasks. Therefore, a range of short-cut algorithms (heuristics) (a.k.a. dispatching rules) are used:
A wide variety of algorithms and approaches have been applied to batch process scheduling. Early methods, which were implemented in some MRP systems assumed infinite capacity and depended only on the batch time. Such methods did not account for any resources, and would produce infeasible schedules. 153554b96e